This does not necessarily imply that he intended metaphysical to be used in its true sense, in that he was probably referring to a witticism of John Drydenwho said of John Donne: He affects the metaphysics, not only in his satires, but in his amorous verses, where nature only should reign; and perplexes the minds of the fair sex with nice speculations of philosophy, when he should engage their hearts, and entertain them with the softnesses of love. Cowley has copied him to a fault.
Is it the play and paradox of his verse, the audacity of his meter, the range of complexity with which he grapples the world around him?
Whatever the case, Donne has proven to be a complex character. From his Songs and Sonnets to his Holy Sonnets, his verse reaches deep in its exploration of the erotic psyche and shakes the heavens in its demand for deliverance. Eroticism and deliverance as they coincide with death are perhaps two of the most interesting elements we discover in Donne.
Though it is well-known that Donne was obsessed with death throughout his life, the change in his response to death from his youth to later years is fascinating. The son of a wealthy merchant, Donne frittered away his youth molesting and mastering a variety of Petrarchan, Platonic, and overtly Ovidian modes as he furiously scribbled away strings of sensual Songs and Sonnets; but when adult life slapped him in the face, Donne was forced to contend with a cruel world.
The world was changing and with it Donne. His short military stint taught him to dislike the sea. And finally, his continual encounters with death taught him to dread his own demise.
With "despaire behind, and death before" 6Donne was a changed man. What is the change in his response to death between his Songs and Sonnets and his Holy Sonnets, and what does this change attempt to communicate to us?
These are the questions that this essay will seek to answer. Such a work is too large in scope to satisfy the constraints of this essay; and as a result, this analysis will undoubtedly leave out many important and interesting details that make up the complex individual that we know Donne to be; but this essay will open up a handful of poems in the Songs and Sonnets as well as the Holy Sonnets all of which are taken from the acclaimed anthology of John Donne, The Complete English Poems compiled by C.
Patrides as a sample of the change in Donne that I suggest occurred. In "A nocturnall upon S.
The sun in its weak arch over the southern horizon slips from sight. Darkness enshrouds us, and "the worlds whole sap is sunke" 5. This leaves us questioning: Why would Donne choose to place both himself and his reader in this moment?
Of any poem he could write, he writes this one. What does it tell us about Donne? How does it reflect on him? In answer, Lucy says: Why is she every dead thing?
What did love do to her? The voice then changes at line twenty-eight. It is the voice of a man, a man who questions himself: The sorrow in his voice is evident, almost unbearable, unbearable to the point that he would prefer he "were any beast" 32 ; and he continues by saying that he is less than nothing.
Not any ordinary nothing: What could have caused the speaker to feel this way? Thus follows the return to "you lovers" 38 to whom Donne whispers: What does it tell us about Donne that he chose to wallow in this feeling? Donne focused on this feeling because it was something he had experienced.
From these lines, we find that he had experienced the effulgent sexual recklessness of rank youth, and he had to spill his feelings about it; and by St. So why not tell us his feelings through a poem about himself? To that I reply, would you? Would any of us openly raise our hand and shout: I did the girl down the street!
And now I feel like a heap of horse turds because of it!? Perhaps he merely skulked in a corner with his paper and pencil and scribbled dirty little fantasies.It is generally agreed that the nineteen “Holy Sonnets” were written over a period of several years in John Donne’s life, the first of them as early as and some after the death of Donne.
John Donne is a poet who was born in and died in Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years.
We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. 'Song' by John Donne is also commonly referred to by its first line - 'Go and catch a falling star,' which introduces the poet's discussion on the impossibility of finding an honest woman.
The. John Donne was born in in London, England. He is known as the founder of the Metaphysical Poets, a term created by Samuel Johnson, an eighteenth-century English essayist, poet, and philosopher.
John Donne was known as a metaphysical poet. Metaphysical poets were 17th century British and European writers who were known for their unique writing style of wit, intellectualism, imagery, and.