An introduction to the geography of queensland

We refer not only to scientific endeavours as undertaken by herself and her colleagues, but also to basic approaches to administrative, commercial, educational and personal aspects of her life. Early in her career she learned how to develop and test hypotheses.

An introduction to the geography of queensland

Land Relief and drainage Queensland lies astride two major Australian landform zones: Glass House Mountains, southeastern Queensland, Austl.

Australian Scenics The eastern third of the state is a complex zone of old, eroded highlands, with extensive exposures of granite and mineralized metamorphic rocks, occasionally capped by younger basalt flows, and with broad basins of even more-recent sedimentary rocks.

The boldest topography lies close to the seaboard, with summits from 2, to 5, feet to 1, metres. The uplands attract high rainfall, supplying short, steep perennial streams, and are flanked by narrow coastal valleys. Elsewhere east of the mountains are vast sedimentary basins, forming lowlands drained by such major intermittent streams as the BurdekinFitzroyBarronand Burnett rivers.

The coastline presents a variety of landscapes, including bold headlands, sandy beaches, lagoons, estuaries, wetlands, alluvial plains, occasional extensive vegetated dunelands, and a scattering of nearshore islands of great recreational value. The Barron River winding through the coastal plain of northeastern Queensland.

Gentle gradients contribute to wide, braided stream channels, most fully developed in the Channel Country of the far southwest. These plains are underlain by the recent, deep sediments of the Great Artesian Basinwhich constitutes a reliable source of water for livestock.

To the northwest of the basin are the stumps of ancient mineralized uplands, forming the Mount Isa block. A lack of organic matter, particularly in arid and semiarid areas, accentuates the problem, and many soils have low capacity to absorb and retain moisture.

In coastal areas the most fertile soils are of relatively recent alluvial or volcanic origin, while the gray-brown and black cracking clays of the central inland lowlands support extensive grasslands.

The interior experiences the most prolonged summer heat, while the southern interior and highlands have cooler winters, with a frost period of up to days.

A narrow coastal zone receives 30 to 60 inches to 1, mm annually, declining to only 5 to 6 inches to mm in the southwest. Particularly in the northern tropics, the rainfall is concentrated in a wet season extending through summer and early autumn.

Southern Queensland receives sufficient winter rain to support winter cropping of wheat. A limited coastal zone in northern Queensland receives copious year-round rainfall from the prevailing southeast winds, with annual totals of up to inches 4, mm. Rainfall is highly variable, with extremes of drought and flood and a high risk of damage from tropical cyclones on the more northerly coasts.

The record flooding inundated cities including RockhamptonBundabergand Emeraldand crops across large areas of Queensland were destroyed. Plant and animal life Queensland has a highly varied flora and fauna. At one extreme are the tropical and subtropical rainforests, scattered in coastal and near-coastal valleys and ranges, with a remarkable diversity of plant and animal species; the northern rainforests collectively were designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in However, coastal areas are covered mainly by open eucalyptus forest and sparse woodland, with much land cleared for agriculture.

Farther inland are the low woodlands of various acacia species including brigalow, mulga, and gidgee or gidyeawith grasslands on heavier soils. Tough, spiky, tussocky spinifex grass dominates the arid, sparsely vegetated interior.

More than 70 species of marsupials—from the large red kangaroo to small marsupial mice, with a great variety of possums, including the cuscus —are found in Queensland. There are also dozens of species of bats and rodents, nearly 80 species of snakes, and more than species of lizards, as well as saltwater and freshwater crocodiles.

The hundreds of bird species include two large flightless birds, the emu of open country and the cassowary of the northern rainforests. Marine and freshwater fishes abound, including the colourful diversity of marine life on coral reefs and the unique freshwater lungfish.

Others named since then include Fraser Island off the southeastern coast and the fossil finds in Boodjamulla Lawn Hill National Park near the northern town of Riversleigh The latter site is paired with a similar fossil site near NaracoorteSouth Australia. Flock of emus in the Dawson River valley, eastern Queensland, Austl.

Stops include Richmond, Hughenden, and Winton. Early post-World War II immigrants were more attracted to the larger southern cities, particularly where manufacturing employment was expanding rapidly. The Vietnamese community, concentrated in Brisbane, is prominent in retail, food, and professional industries.

New Zealanders have congregated south of Brisbane in Logan and in the Gold Coast region, both of which have struggled with high rates of unemployment in some areas. Some 3 percent of Queenslanders describe themselves as either Aboriginal people or Torres Strait Islander people.

An introduction to the geography of queensland

The majority of these people live in cities and towns, often as an underclass, struggling to maintain their cultural identity and economic well-being.Queensland Geography The landscape of Queensland varies, and includes tropical islands, sandy beaches, flat river plains, elevated plateaus, dry deserts, and agricultural belts.

Perhaps the most notable geographical feature of Queensland is the Great Barrier Reef, the largest coral reef system in the world. Written by K.S.W.

Campbell and J.S. Jell. Want more women in STEM information? Want to find out more about brilliant women in science, technology, engineering and mathematics, like Professor Dorothy Hill?

By employing plate tectonics as its central and unifying theme, Exploring Earth takes an innovative, integrative, and process-oriented approach in presenting the traditional breadth of physical geology topics.

Exploring Earth features. Clear, precise prose that renders understandable even the most complex concepts. This site allows you, as a learning provider, to register young people and bank their learning enrolments and results.

Other methods are available for transferring this information to QCAA; see Registration and learning accounts. Queensland state law requires all young people to be registered with the QCAA within one year of them completing Year 10 or turning Mackay Professional Learning for Secondary Teachers: 23 Feb GTAQ AGM: 19 Aug GTAQ Annual Conference ‘An Introduction to the Australian Geography Curriculum’ Geography Teachers' Association of Queensland .

Geography teaching. 5. Geographical education includes the affective objectives of a feeling for and an enjoyment of landscape, and the formation of values underpinning human and environmental justice.

6. A course in Geography should provide students with grounding in both the physical and the human aspects of the subject. 7.

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