Visit Website Did you know? Archaeologists believe that the Colosseum contained both drinking fountains and latrines. After nearly a decade of construction—a relatively quick time period for a project of such a grand scale—Titus officially dedicated the Colosseum in A.
Carthage was a rich, flourishing Phoenician city-state that intended to dominate the Mediterranean area. After the Carthaginian intercession, Messana asked Rome to expel the Carthaginians. Rome entered this war because Syracuse and Messana were too close to the newly conquered Greek cities of Southern Italy and Carthage was now able to make an offensive through Roman territory; along with this, Rome could extend its domain over Sicily.
Carthage was a maritime power, and the Roman lack of ships and naval experience would make the path to the victory a long and difficult one for the Roman Republic. Despite this, after more than 20 years of war, Rome defeated Carthage and a peace treaty was signed.
Among the reasons for the Second Punic War  was the subsequent war reparations Carthage acquiesced to at the end of the First Punic War. Rome fought this war simultaneously with the First Macedonian War.
The war began with the audacious invasion Analysis of ancient rome Hispania by Hannibal, the Carthaginian general who had led operations on Sicily in the First Punic War. At great cost, Rome had made significant gains: More than a half century after these events, Carthage was humiliated and Rome was no more concerned about the African menace.
However, Carthage, after having paid the war indemnity, felt that its commitments and submission to Rome had ceased, a vision not shared by the Roman Senate. Ambassadors were sent to Carthage, among them was Marcus Porcius Catowho after seeing that Carthage could make a comeback and regain its importance, ended all his speeches, no matter what the subject was, by saying: Carthage resisted well at the first strike, with the participation of all the inhabitants of the city.
However, Carthage could not withstand the attack of Scipio Aemilianuswho entirely destroyed the city and its walls, enslaved and sold all the citizens and gained control of that region, which became the province of Africa.
Thus ended the Punic War period. At this time Rome was a consolidated empire — in the military view — and had no major enemies. Gaius Mariusa Roman general and politician who dramatically reformed the Roman military Foreign dominance led to internal strife.
Violent gangs of the urban unemployed, controlled by rival Senators, intimidated the electorate through violence. The situation came to a head in the late 2nd century BC under the Gracchi brothers, a pair of tribunes who attempted to pass land reform legislation that would redistribute the major patrician landholdings among the plebeians.
Marius then started his military reform: At this time, Marius began his quarrel with Lucius Cornelius Sulla: Marius, who wanted to capture Jugurtha, asked Bocchusson-in-law of Jugurtha, to hand him over. As Marius failed, Sulla, a general of Marius at that time, in a dangerous enterprise, went himself to Bocchus and convinced Bocchus to hand Jugurtha over to him.
This was very provocative to Marius, since many of his enemies were encouraging Sulla to oppose Marius.
The reformist Marcus Livius Drusus supported their legal process but was assassinated, and the socii revolted against the Romans in the Social War. At one point both consuls were killed; Marius was appointed to command the army together with Lucius Julius Caesar and Sulla.Aug 07, · But in Ancient Rome, all roads really did lead to the eternal city, which was at the centre of a vast road network.
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In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire. An Analysis on Ancient Rome Ancient Rome, a factual book written by Robert Payne, describes the history of Rome, from the early Etruscans to the eventual collapse of the empire.
First published in , Ancient Rome gathers information, primary documents, and architectural sketches from many different sources and compiles it into one book.
To the casual reader, one of the great setbacks of. About SPQR: A History of Ancient Rome by Mary Beard: A sweeping history of the ancient capital of Italy, SPQR contains all of the excitement of Roman conquest and a fascinating view of everyday life in the days of Cicero, Mark Antony, and Julius Caesar.
Ancient Rome, the state centred on the city of Rome. This article discusses the period from the founding of the city and the regal period, which began in bc, through the events leading to the founding of the republic in bc, the establishment of the empire in 27 bc, and the final eclipse of the Empire of the West in the 5th century ad.