Portrait by Ralph E. Formal hostilities with Spain or France never materialized, but tensions with Britain increased for a number of reasons.
Early life Jackson was born on the western frontier of the Carolinas, an area that was in dispute between North Carolina Aqndrew jackson South Carolinaand both states have claimed him as a native son.
Jackson maintained that he was born in South Carolina, and the weight of evidence supports his assertion. The area offered little opportunity for formal education, and what schooling he received was interrupted by the British invasion of the western Carolinas in — In the latter year he was captured by the British.
Shortly after being imprisoned, Aqndrew jackson refused to shine the boots of a British officer and was struck across the face with a sabre.
His mother and two brothers died during the closing years of the war, Aqndrew jackson or indirect casualties of the invasion of the Carolinas. After the end of the American Revolutionhe studied law in an office in SalisburyNorth Carolina, and was admitted to the bar of that state in In he went to the Cumberland region as prosecuting attorney of the western district of North Carolina—the region west of the Appalachians, soon to become the state of Tennessee.
As prosecuting attorney, Jackson was principally occupied with suits for the collection of debts. He was so successful in these litigations that he soon had a thriving private practice and had gained the friendship of landowners and creditors.
For almost 30 years Jackson was allied with this group in Tennessee politics. Jackson boarded in the home of Col. He had gone to Nashville as a political appointee, and in he became a member of the convention that drafted a constitution for the new state of Tennessee.
In the same year he was elected as the first representative from Tennessee to the U. An undistinguished legislator, he refused to seek reelection and served only until March 4, Jackson returned to Tennessee, vowing never to enter public life again, but before the end of the year he was elected to the U.
His willingness to accept the office reflects his emergence as an acknowledged leader of one of the two political factions contending for control of the state. Nevertheless, Jackson resigned from the Senate in after an uneventful year. Soon after his return to Nashville he was elected a judge of the superior court in effect, the supreme court of the state and served in that post until Military feats In Marchwhen it appeared that war with Great Britain was imminentJackson issued a call for 50, volunteers to be ready for an invasion of Canada.
After the declaration of war, in JuneJackson offered his services and those of his militia to the United States. The government was slow to accept this offer, and, when Jackson finally was given a command in the field, it was to fight against the Creek Indians, who were allied with the British and who were threatening the southern frontier.
In a campaign of about five months, in —14, Jackson crushed the Creeks, the final victory coming in the Battle of Tohopeka or Horseshoe Bend in Alabama. The victory was so decisive that the Creeks never again menaced the frontier, and Jackson was established as the hero of the West.
Library of Congress, Washington, D. Though he was without specific instructions, his real objective was the Spanish post at Pensacola. The motive was to prepare the way for U.
At Mobile, Jackson learned that an army of British regulars had landed at Pensacola. In the first week in November, he led his army into Florida and, on November 7, occupied that city just as the British evacuated it to go by sea to Louisiana.
Jackson then marched his army overland to New Orleanswhere he arrived early in December. The news of this victory reached Washington at a time when morale was at a low point.
A few days later, news of the signing of the Treaty of Ghent Belgium between the United States and Great Britain on December 24,reached the capital. The twin tidings brought joy and relief to the American people and made Jackson the hero not only of the West but of a substantial part of the country as well.
He entrusted the command of the troops in the field to subordinates while he retired to his home at the Hermitage, near Nashville. He was ordered back to active service at the end of Decemberwhen unrest along the border appeared to be reaching critical proportions.
The instructions given Jackson were vague, and he ordered an invasion of Florida immediately after taking active command. He captured two Spanish posts and appointed one of his subordinates military governor of Florida.
These bold actions brought an immediate and sharp protest from Spain and precipitated a cabinet crisis in Washington. The campaign to make him president, however, was kept alive by his continued popularity and was carefully nurtured by a small group of his friends in Nashvillewho combined devotion to the general with a high degree of political astuteness.
In these friends maneuvered the Tennessee legislature into a formal nomination of their hero as a candidate for president. In the following year this same group persuaded the legislature to elect him to the U.Andrew Jackson: Andrew Jackson, American general and seventh president of the United States (–37).
He was the first U.S. president to come from the area west of the Appalachians and the first to gain office by a direct appeal to the mass of voters. His political movement became known as . Andrew Jackson, seventh President of the United States, was the dominant actor in American politics between Thomas Jefferson and Abraham Lincoln.
Born to obscure parents and orphaned in youth, he was the first "self-made man" and the first westerner to reach the White House. He . Sep 04, · Born in poverty, Andrew Jackson () had become a wealthy Tennessee lawyer and rising young politician by , .
“Old Hickory” increased presidential powers and was the first self-made man to become president, but his Indian Removal Act and belief in slavery make him a complicated figure. Andrew Jackson: Life Before the Presidency By Daniel Feller Andrew Jackson was born on March 15, , in the Waxhaw settlement, a community of Scotch-Irish immigrants along the border between North and South Carolina.
Sep 04, · Watch video · Andrew Jackson’s Military Career. Andrew Jackson, who served as a major general in the War of , commanded U.S. forces in a five-month campaign against the Creek Indians, allies of the British.