They do this by ditaining the tax payer by his goods where the property is situated. The write as well be done by seizure of and sales of the moveable property of a tax defaulter. When the write is issued, the tax office is armed with authority to seize and sue, where appropriate the property of the defaulter in satisfaction of debt. The drive may be either at the taxpayers residence or any other place where he could be easily found.
Taxation is a compulsory levy imposed by the Government on the incomes of taxpayers in a geographical territory in order to defray the expenses of governance.
This implies that anybody that generates income must compulsorily pay taxes. There are different types of taxation. Recently, the issue of capital gains tax in the Nigerian has come to the fore.
Government, from time to time, has the responsibility of reviewing the tax position as a component of the subsisting fiscal policy for the purpose of meeting given objectives. However, each review naturally elicits mixed reactions from the stakeholders.
|ASSESSMENT OF VAT ADMINISTRATION (A CASE STUDY ON BISHOFTU TOWN) : Mikeleaks||One major source of generating this revenue is taxation. According to Azubike tax is a major source of government revenue all over the world, including Nigeria.|
|Tax administration is good way as it is recent issue in our country. It can also stabilize countries economy unpopular tax returns have caused public protests riots and even revolution.|
|In short, Nagarpalika receives revenue from the above mention various taxes. From this revenue Nagarpalika provides various facilities to the tax payer.|
|One major source of generating this revenue is taxation.|
Governments in all parts of the world and at all points in history have faced similar challenges when it comes to funding their ambitions to develop their country or state and to give a good standard of living to the masses in their country or state.
For this reason, in most countries of the world, the primary objective and purpose of taxation is essentially to generate revenue or raise money for government expenditures on social welfare. The importance of taxation lies primarily in its ability to raise capital formation for development and growth of the economy and also, in assisting in the regulation of consumption pattern resulting in economic stabilization and effective redistribution of income ICAN, If these are the main objectives of taxation, it is therefore highly important to have in place a strong and vibrant tax system, not only at the Federal level but also at the state and local government levels, so as to ensure that the objectives of tax system are achieved.
With the federal government poised to eliminate the budgetary deficit in the coming year, a debate has commenced about how best to direct future budget surpluses. Some voices have called for tax relief while others have emphasized new spending.
In Nigeria the Capital gain tax administration aims and tries to tax each company in the state more effectively. However the level at which the capital gain tax Administration in Nigeria tend to achieve its desired goals and objectives depends mostly on the tax office and the company that is operating in each state, also when an individual or company is been taxed by the federal board of inland revenue FBIR such taxpayer is meant to give an accurate information about their gain or income but some go to the extent of forgery in provision of their documents which gives an incorrect information to the board, thereby causing reduction in their tax assessment.
The backdrop to these fiscal policy discussions is a sluggish economy.
Low economic growth has broad implications including slower growth in employment, income, and ultimately living standards. This means any debate about using future budgetary surpluses should focus on policy measures that can improve economic growth in both the short and the long term. One area of policy reform that could contribute to higher levels of economic activity is capital gains taxation.
A wealth of research shows that capital gains tax reform can increase the supply and lower the cost of capital available to new and expanding firms, and in turn lead to higher levels of entrepreneurship, economic growth, and job creation. The magnitude of the lock-in effect depends on a number of factors, but a series of empirical studies has found a negative relationship between capital gains tax rates, asset sales, share prices, and other proxies for investor activity.
A capital gain or loss generally refers to the price of an asset when it is sold compared to its original purchase price. A capital gain occurs if the value of the asset at the time of sale is greater than the initial purchase price.
A capital loss occurs if the value of the asset at the time of sale is less than the purchase price. Capital gains taxes, of course, raise revenues for government but they do so with considerable economic costs. Capital gains taxes impose costs on the economy because they reduce returns on investment and thereby distort decision making by individuals and businesses.
This can have a substantial impact on the reallocation of capital, the available stock of capital, and the level of entrepreneurship. Capital gains are taxed on a realization basis.
This means that the tax is only imposed when an investor opts to withdraw his or her investment from the market and realize the capital gain. Capital gains are not distributed among the different members of the tax paying community in fair proportion to their taxable incomes, but are concentrated in thehands of property owners and it has been argued that theirexclusion from the scope of taxation constitutes a serious discrimination in tax treatment in favour of a particular class of taxpayers.
Non payment of capital gains tax will create discrimination in favour of property owners that will lead to further reinvestment of those gains in assets thereby perpetuating further severe inequalities in income and wealth as capital gains only accrue to those who own property.
Non payment of capital gains tax accruing especially to those in the upper income bracket puts a greater relative burden on the income tax of those who do not enjoy such gains Ayua, In developing countries capital gains tax is a lucrative ground for raising money for purposes of development.
In addition, In a developing countries like Nigeria there exist large opportunitiesfor the realization of capital gains because of the tendency of rising prices inevitably accompanying a process of accelerated economic development, besides, the process of economic development itself tends to generate capital gains because of the rise in real income, company profits and the value of shares.
But as the proportion of wealth held in the form of equity shares of the capital gain arises to the owners of property such as land and real estate. Thus, the taxation of capital gains tax constitute an important fiscal mechanism to plough back a proportion of the increase benefits accruing to the holders of property as a result of a process of development into the developmental funds of public sectors.
There are many types of taxes that are often levied on individual and corporate entities. Capital gain tax is on income derived from the sale of a capital asset.
This paper will examine the concept of tax, reasons for taxation, features of a good tax system, nature, arguments against Capital Gain Tax and recommendations for effectiveness of this form of taxation.The tax system in Nigeria is made up of the tax policy, the tax laws and the tax administration.
All of these are expected to work together in order to achieve the economic goal of the nation. The primary objective of this paper is to prepare a case study on tax administration in Nigeria, with the specific objectives of examining the main tax reforms in the country; highlighting tax revenue profile and composition; analysing possible distributional impacts on the poor; discussing major problems that could prevent effective tax implementation in the country; and offering suggestions for reforms.
A) Tax planning is equivalent to tax evasion B) Tax planning is the avoidance of “tax traps” C) Tax planning is the process of arranging one's financial affairs to minimize one's overall tax liability.
PROBLEMS OF TAX ASSESSMENT AND COLLECTION SYSTEM, Tax Administration There Is No Spoon: Reconsidering the Tax Compliance Puzzle For over 40 years theorists have sought the effects of tax audits on voluntary compliance rates by studying individual taxpayer motivations.
We will write a custom essay sample on Assessment of Problem of Tax Administration in Nigeria Economy (a Case Sturdy of Federal Inland Revenue) specifically for you. for . to problems such as low rates of tax compliance, ineffective tax administration staff, and corruption. The paper discusses RAs as a governance model, from the perspective of revenue administration and the almost universal desire to improve performance and compliance with the law.