The Constitutional Convention of The Issues:
Most children in North America learn at an early age that the "Thirteen Colonies" revolted in and after eight long hard years won their independence with the Treaty of Paris in If you went to school in the United States, you most likely were taught the thirteen colonies.
Twelve were founded in the s, in order of settlement they are: Virginia in3. New Hampshire in4. New York in5. Connecticut in7. Rhode Island in8. Delaware in North Carolina in New Jersey in The 13th colony, Georgia, was not settled untila gap of 63 years! The 14th and last was Nova Scotia founded in16 years later still.
Georgia was settled before South Caroline, even though Georgia is further south. Nova Scotia is at the opposite extreme, north of Maine, which, untilwas part of Massachusetts colony. Officially, Nova Scotia had been a colony from the time of the Treaty of Utrecht inand had a tiny garrison and a Continental congress in philadelphia essay in Annapolis Royal, a small settlement on the Bay of Fundy.
However, the land all around the fort was occupied by French settlers who had come to Nova Scotia before the war that put it in British hands. As early astwo groups wished to found a new colony on the eastern shore of Nova Scotia, but both asked for the right to intercept the Yankee fishing fleets off that coast and charge them fees for the fishing rights.
This enraged the New England colonies. They sent a Mr. Dummer to London; he protested long and loud and got the colonial grants turned down. Two years later in the royal Governor Phillips wrote from Annapolis Royal to London the following excerpt: The next year, his Deputy made the same request.
Each year from untilNew England fishing boats would bring their early catch ashore on Nova Scotia to be dried or otherwise preserved for the voyage back home. And, every year a few of them would be caught and scalped by the Micmac Indians of Nova Scotia. The indians had been converted to Roman Catholicism by French missionaries and, up untilthe French would buy scalps from them.
Thus, encouraging them to fight the settlers and harass the tiny garrison at Annapolis Royal. InFrench settlers cut a path through the forested interior of the Nova Scotia peninsula and began bringing their cattle to what is now Halifax Harbor.
There, Yankee merchants would load them aboard their ships and haul them to the French fort of Louisburg on the nearby island of Cape Breton.
This trading with the enemy did not go unnoticed. InGovernor Phillips issued a proclamation forbidding it, but he had no ships and not enough troops to defend Annapolis, let alone garrison the east coast.
The smuggling went on uninterrupted. In both and again inthe Governor wrote London urging that a garrison be established to stop it and adding that it might "invite a new set of people that are Protestants to venture their lives and fortunes. But, once again, his requests were in vain.
Bya new Governor ruled Nova Scotia. Paul Mascarene had been Deputy for so long; now, he commanded and, when the French attacked that year, he managed to hold the garrison at Annapolis together.
In the end, they were rescued -- not by England, across the broad Atlantic, but by New England, which feared the French would attack them next.
Indeed, a powerful French fleet was ordered to Nova Scotia in the spring of But, Atlantic storms, scurvy, typhus, and hunger caused so many casualties that they retreated on October 13, That ended the last hope of France in North America. New England rejoiced and London decided at long last a colony on the east coast of Nova Scotia was a good idea.The First Continental Congress was held on September 5, , at Philadelphia's Carpenter's Hall to protest the Intolerable Acts.
Benjamin Franklin wanted to hold this meeting earlier, but because the Boston Port was closed from the Boston Tea Party, not many people supported it/5(1). Deborah Sampson was a woman who disguised herself as a man and fought as a soldier in the Continental Army during the American Revolution.
She was one of only a small number of women who fought in the Revolutionary War and was later awarded a pension for her military service. The following are some facts about Deborah Sampson: Deborah Sampson's Childhood & Early Life: Deborah Sampson .
Archives and past articles from the Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia Daily News, and vetconnexx.com The First Continental Congress serves as one of those timeline markers and is a great example of the American way.
Being one of the first meetings ever between the colonists, The First Continental Congress laid one of the first bricks into the foundation of America. This essay delves deeply into the origins of the Vietnam War, critiques U.S. justifications for intervention, examines the brutal conduct of the war, and discusses the .
Margaret Cousins was an editor and author of short stories and novels for vetconnexx.com her career, she worked at Good Housekeeping and McCall’vetconnexx.com was also senior editor at Doubleday and was fiction and book editor at The Ladies’ Home Journal.
Cousins is the author of the Landmark Books Ben Franklin of Old Philadelphia and The Story of Thomas Alva Edison.