Summing up his short but detailed report, he includes the following as propaganda strategies: Incompleteness Inaccuracy Driving the agenda Milking the story maximizing media coverage of a particular issue by the careful use of briefings, leaking pieces of a jigsaw to different outlets, allowing journalists to piece the story together and drive the story up the news agenda, etc. Exploiting that we want to believe the best of ourselves Perception Management in particular by using PR firms Reinforcing existing attitudes Simple, repetitious and emotional phrases e. The military recognizes the values of media and information control very well.
The area was deserted. But this was one of the main routes out of Baghdad and the people of the Iraqi capital had been told by their Information Minister that the Marines were still 70 miles to the south.
Inevitably a trickle of civilian vehicles began to appear from the direction of central Baghdad. The first was a blue Kia van. Inside were three men and two women, heading for their home close to the bridge.
The two survivors would sit for hours beside their dead relatives, too terrified to move. An elderly pedestrian, walking with a stick, was also killed. Journalists Essay iraqi war photographers pleaded with the Marines to hold their fire.
He just became angry and that was the end of our conversation. Around 15 civilians died at the Diyala Bridge that day. It was not an isolated incident. The speed of the American advance meant civilians were continually caught by surprise and the problem of civilian vehicles driving towards their lines was one the Americans never resolved.
Iraq Body Count, the most authoritative collator of casualty statistics in Iraq, has estimated that 6, civilians died during the initial invasion — an average of per day.
Two days after storming the Diyala Bridge the same Marine regiment pulled down the statue of Saddam Hussein in central Baghdad — the iconic image that, at the time, was seen as marking the end of the war. It had taken just 21 days to topple the regime and in the years that have followed a myth has become established — that the initial invasion was a startling success, a triumph of speed and daring, undermined only by the mistakes of the occupation.
In fact, the origins of the Iraqi tragedy were all too visible during those first three weeks and the legacy of incidents like that at the Diyala Bridge would weigh heavily on the Americans for years to come. Look at the figures.
For the First Gulf War in the Americans assembled a coalition army of close to one million troops to invade Kuwait. Infor the invasion of Iraq itself, coalition forces numbered fewer thanThe invasion of Kuwait in was preceded by a day air campaign.
In there was almost no air campaign prior to the invasion at all. But tied to this was a dangerous misconception — the belief that the invasion and occupation of Iraq would be easy. Many in the Pentagon were convinced the entry of American troops into Iraq would trigger an uprising, or perhaps a coup, and that American forces would be welcomed by rapturous crowds.
Arriving in Washington a couple of months prior to the invasion he was appalled to discover almost nothing had been done. The invasion was seen as a decapitation exercise. It was assumed the Iraqi state — under the control of returning exiles - would continue to function and would assume responsibility for running the country the day after the invasion was completed.
The initial bombing campaign therefore not only avoided civilian infrastructure — it also largely spared the regular Iraqi Army, which, it was hoped, might switch sides. In fact, what was planned was a mass assassination attempt, targeting the top 55 people in the Baathist regime. But even this was scuppered.Operation Iraqi Liberation (OIL) The War on Iraq was the start of the Peak Oil Wars "While the unresolved conflict with Iraq provides the immediate justification, the need for a substantial American force presence in the Gulf transcends the issue of the regime of Saddam Hussein Project for the New American Century, Rebuilding America's Defenses, September Exclusive: Turkey appears to have deliberately shot down a Russian warplane as a provocation designed to escalate tensions between NATO and Russia, a ploy that seems to have sucked in President.
After nearly 17 years of war, service members have seen plenty of patriotic displays but little public debate about why they’re fighting. Lifting the Veil: The best ever investigative history of of what's really going on behind the scenes in our world with over links to reliable sources to back up the stunning picture that is painted.
Knowledge is power. The War After the War. By Robert Malley. For most of the United States’ allies in the Middle East, the war against the Islamic State never was the primary concern.
The War After the War. By Robert Malley. For most of the United States’ allies in the Middle East, the war against the Islamic State never was the primary concern.