Essay on our government of india

Judicial Review in India: Concept, Provisions, Amendments and Other Details! It means that the constitution is the supreme law of the land and any law inconsistent therewith is void through judicial review.

Essay on our government of india

Essay on Government of India: Sometimes confusion is made between state and Government and the two words are used interchangeably. Government is an instrument of the state through which it carries out its purposes.

A state, as we have seen, is a politically organized and geographically limited body of people that possesses the right to use force. It is an abstract entity and so must have an instrument through which to operate.

Government is such an instrument. All the citizens of a state are not part of a government. A government includes only those officials and persons who are appointed or elected to determine, interpret and carry out the regulations of the state. Thus it has three main organs-the legislative to determine the laws of the state, the executive to carry out these laws and the judiciary to interpret them.

Essay on our government of india sole purpose of a government is to act as the instrumentality of the state. Most states have now written constitutions. The Indian Constitution is the ultimate basis for judging the legality of any law a legislative body enacts or any order an executive body issues.

The Supreme Court of India has the final power to determine whether laws or executive orders are made in pursuance of the constitution.

Characteristics of women empowerment.

Governments may take several forms. In history there have appeared many forms of government. Aristotle had given a six fold classification of governments—three normal and three perverted forms of government.

Essay on our government of india

The three normal types of government are monarchy, rule by one person; aristocracy, rule by a few; polity, rule by many. If these normal forms are perverted, monarchy becomes tyranny, aristocracy becomes oligarchy and polity becomes democracy.

Thus Aristotle regarded democracy as the worst form of government, but he felt that the potential capacity of the citizens for sound collective Judgement could assure the success of this form. Today, our attention is drawn to two major forms: The citizens in many states are in a quandary as to which form they should adopt.

Russia and China are the classic instances of totalitarian form of government. Under totalitarianism, there is rigidly patterned social organization. It does not allow unrestricted or uncontrolled associations.

It subjects all social groupings to the designs of the state. Usually, questioning of the ideas and practices of the rules is not tolerated. Freedom of expression by the press or individual is denied.

Obedience is the supreme law which is enforced by the use of police powers. Democracy is founded upon the principle of popular sovereignty, i.

An Important principle of democracy is that all citizens have equal political privileges which only they can exercise and which they cannot transfer to any other persons. Another foundational principle is that rule of the majority shall prevail, this majority to be expressed by the citizens either through direct voting or through their elected representatives.

A third principle is that citizens can vote the government out of office if it loses their confidence. Democracy is based upon two basic cultural values of equality and liberty.

English Essays for Children and Students - Essay Topics

It has attained a marked popularity in the world, yet it is often criticized for certain defects. The first of these is that the citizens do not fully exercise their rights nor accept their obligations.

Voting is a paramount right of the citizens in a democracy, but the citizens do not fully and honestly discharge their obligation to vote. The percentage of the Indian citizens who fulfill this obligation ranges between 40 to 45 per cent. Moreover, voting is on the basis of caste and extraneous considerations.

Voting is so quantitatively and qualitatively poor that the whole process of democratic government becomes jeopardized. Another defect lies in leadership.These Essays are written in very simple and easy language using very easy words.

These are easily understandable by any student. Such essays may help and motivate students to know about the Indian cultures, heritages, monuments, famous places, importance of teachers, mothers, animals, traditional festivals, events, occasions, famous personalities, legends, social issues and so many other topics.

India is a vast country with second largest population and seventh largest land area in the world. The population of India is more than billion. There are 28 states mainly on the basis of linguistic lines.

Let before starting, first we see few photographs ofDiwali cards,Diwali greetings cardsand 'eco friendly diwali' images to feel the mood of this is the festival of lamps.

It is the famous festival of India. Diwali is also known as Deepavali. It is the most famous festival in north India. Man cannot live alone. He needs friends. The company of books gives the pleasure of company of man and Nature too. 26th January is the Republic Day of India. On this day India became a free Republic and the biggest democracy in the world.

On this day the people of India took a vow to have a government of the people by the people and for the people. I. Medieval Icelandic crime victims would sell the right to pursue a perpetrator to the highest bidder. 18th century English justice replaced fines with criminals bribing prosecutors to drop cases.

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