It offers high cure rates with excellent cosmetic outcomes. It is a safe and effective treatment for Actinic Keratosis. Curettage is effective for almost all clinical types of AK but is particularly useful for those lesions thought to be closer to invasive squamous cell carcinoma SCClesions resistant to other treatments, and after biopsy.
Prevention Guidelines Prevention is better than cure. Whilst most skin cancers and precancers are curable if detected early, prevention is always better than cure.
Always follow the five S's of sun safety below and make sure you stick to these golden rules: Avoid tanning and never allow your skin to burn Never use indoor tanning devices Examin your skin thoroughly at least once a month If you are worried or uncertain about any abnormality, seek immediate professional advice For those that have suffered from a precancer, or skin cancer, particular care and attention to covering up and shading from the sun is very important as well as thoroughly checking your skin more frequently for signs of recurrence or developments of new abnormalities.
The Five S's of Sun Safety: SLIP on a T-shirt as they can easily burn in the sun SLOP on good quality sunscreen Always use a sunscreen with a minimum SPF of 30 with broad spectrum UVA protection Apply generously 20 mins before going outside and reapply at least every 2 hours SLAP on a broad brimmed hat Wear a legionnaire or broad-brimmed hat to help shade the face, neck and ears which can easily burn in the sun.
SLIDE on quality sunglasses Wear quality preferrably wrap-around sunglasses to help protect your eyes that can be damaged by the sun. It may spread to other parts of the body and if left untreated can be deadly.
What is Squamous Cell Carcinoma? SCC is most commonly found in older people, but the popularity of sunny holidays and recreational use of sunbeds means that we are seeing them in younger age groups.
SCC is an uncontrolled growth of abnormal squamous cells in the skin's epidermis most outer layer and is a cancer of the keratinocytes of the skin. Squamous Cell Carcinoma is mainly caused by cumulative UV exposure. SCC is usually found on areas of skin often exposed to the sun, typically the face, ears, lips, mouth, hands, arms and legs but can appear anywhere on the body.
The appearance varies but is usually a scaly lump, nodule, ulcer or non-healing sore or wart that is elevated with a central depression and may crust and bleed.
They often start as small hard white or skin-coloured lumps in the skin that grow at a variable rate. SCC's have the ability to spread to other parts of the body, but do not often do so. SCC can become disfiguring if left untreated.
In severe cases SCC can spread to local lymph nodes or around the body and result in death. Examples, signs and symptoms of Squamous Cell Carcinoma SCC is usually found on areas of skin often exposed to the sun, typically the face, ears, lips, mouth, hands, arms and legs but can appear anywhere on the body.
Below are 4 warning signs that indicate the possibility of Squamous cell Carcinoma Sometimes two or more of these warning signs can be present in a single site.
All images used here are to help you identify any abnormalities, but all skin cancers can vary in size shape and colour and texture, so it is important to acknowledge that these should be used as a guideline only. If you notice any of the following warning signs, feel worried or unsure about any change in your skin, consult your doctor immediately.
A persistent Scaly patch Often red in colour, with uneven borders Look out for a scaly patch of skin that won't heal Often these patches will crust and bleed 2: An elevated growth with central depression Growths are raised with an indentation to the centre Growths can sometimes bleed They can grow rapidly in size 3: Open sore Look out for an open sore-like wound A sore that constantly crusts and bleeds A persistent sore that won't heal over weeks 4: A wart-like growth Look out for a growth that resembles a wart A growth that crusts and sometimes bleeds A wart-like growth that won't heal or respond to treatment Causes and risk factors for Squamous Cell Carcinoma What causes Squamous Cell Carcinoma?
Squamous Cell Carcinoma is mainly caused by chronic and cumulative exposure to UV radiation from the sun and or sunbeds. SCC can also arise in skin injuries such as scars, burns, ulcers, sores.
Occasionally, a squamous cell carcinoma may be caused by exposure to certain substances used in industry, such as tar and can sometimes develop in patients who are on drugs that suppress the immune system. Who is at risk of developing Squamous Cell Carcinoma? SCC is often found in older individuals but is on the increase in younger generations due to obsessions with tanning and the use of sunbeds.
Research in the Netherlands has also shown that smoking more than triples the risk of developing squamous cell Carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinomas are more than twice as frequent in men as in women. Outdoor workers or those who spend extensive leisure time in the sun are also at greater risk.
Anyone who has had a basal cell carcinoma is also more likely to develop an squamous cell carcinoma, as is anyone with an inherited, highly UV-sensitive condition such as xeroderma pigmentosum. Treatments for Squamous Cell Carcinoma If detected at an early stage and removed promptly Squamous Cell Carcinomas are almost always curable and cause minimal damage and discomfort.
In more serious cases however - where a Squamous Cell Carcinoma has been left untreated, the tumour can penetrate the underlying tissue and become disfiguring. It is also possible for Squamous Cell Carcinoma, if left untreated to metastasise and spread to organs and be fatal.
It is therefore extremely important to seek professional advice with any suspicious growth. A biopsy of the suspicious growth will be examined under a microscope and a diagnosis will be made.
There are a number of highly effective treatments for Basal Cell Carcinoma, which treatment is right for a specific patient depends on the type, size, location, and depth of penetration of the tumour as well as the patient's age and general health.Overview August ARE® 2 Programming Planning & Practice 85 MC uestions + 1 Vignette Sample Multiple Choice Questions Site Zoning Vignette References.
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