Beginnings[ edit ] Stories involving magic and terrible monsters have existed in spoken forms before the advent of printed literature. Classical mythology is replete with fantastical stories and characters, the best known and perhaps the most relevant to modern fantasy being the works of Homer Greek and Virgil Roman.
Definition[ edit ] The fantastic is present in works where the reader experiences hesitation about whether a work presents what Todorov calls "the uncanny," wherein superficially supernatural phenomena turn out to have a rational explanation such as in the Gothic works of Ann Radcliffe or "the marvelous," where the supernatural is confirmed by the story.
According to Todorov, the hesitation involves two outcomes: The fantastic requires the fulfillment of three conditions. First, the text must oblige the reader to consider the world of the characters as a world of living persons and to hesitate between a natural or supernatural explanation of the events described.
Second, this hesitation may also be experienced by a character; thus the reader's role is so to speak entrusted to a character, and at the same time the hesitation is represented, it becomes one of the themes of the work -- in the case of naive reading, the actual reader identifies himself with the character.
Third, the reader must adopt a certain attitude with regard to the text: Again the Fantastic is found in this hesitation - once it is decided the Fantastic ends. Two representative stories might be: Algernon Blackwood 's story "The Willows", where two men traveling down the Danube River are beset by an eerie feeling of malice and several improbable setbacks in their trip; the question that pervades the story is whether they are falling prey to the wilderness and their own imaginations, or if there really is something horrific out to get them.
Edgar Allan Poe 's story " The Black Cat ," where a murderer is haunted by a black cat; but is it revenge from beyond the grave, or just a cat?
There is no clear distinction between the fantastic and magic realism as neither privilege either realistic or supernatural elements. The former, in its hesitation between supernatural and realistic explanations of events, may task the reader with questioning the nature of reality and this may serve to distinguish the Fantastic from Magical Realism in which magical elements are understood to constitute in part the reality of the protagonists and are not themselves questionable.
The fantastic is sometimes erroneously called the Grotesque or Supernatural fictionbecause both the Grotesque and the Supernatural contain fantastic elements, yet they are not the same, as the fantastic is based on an ambiguity of those elements.Fantasy Literature and Fantastic Language Poetry and fantasy are two different types of writings.
Poetry is a form of writing that is charged with emotion, “Expression and it consists of words arranged in patterns of sound and imagery to spark and emotional and intellectual response from us” (Russell, ).
The fantastic (French: le fantastique) is a subgenre of literary works characterized by the ambiguous presentation of seemingly supernatural forces.. Bulgarian-French structuralist literary critic Tzvetan Todorov originated the concept, characterizing the fantastic as the hesitation of characters and readers when presented with questions about reality.
JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. The fantastic (French: le fantastique) is a subgenre of literary works characterized by the ambiguous presentation of seemingly supernatural forces..
Bulgarian-French structuralist literary critic Tzvetan Todorov originated the concept, characterizing the fantastic as the hesitation of characters and readers when presented with questions about reality. This is an unofficial mirror of the famous Limyaael/Lightning on the Wave/Arin i Asolde literary rants.
You will find here a wealth of advice, warnings, and witty commentary on just about every aspect of constructing a story - from character design, to worldbuilding, to avoiding cliches.
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