Wednesday, 28 September You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Traffic and housing problems in major cities could be solved by moving large companies and factories and their employees to the countryside.
Food, clothing and shelter housing are the primary requirements of life. The availability of these necessities in sufficient quantity and quality increases the physical efficiency and productivity of the people.
So housing is an important component of human resource development. In India, the problem of housing is acute. There is a wide gap between the demand and supply of houses.
This gap is responsible for growth of slums in cities where crores of people live in most unhygienic and unhealthy conditions.
Generally speaking, housing may be defined as an architectural unit for accommodation in order to protect the occupants from the forces of nature.
But in wider meaning housing covers all the ancillary services and community facilities which are essential to human well being. In addition to the physical structure, it includes water supply, sanitation, and disposal of water, recreation and other basic amenities of life.
Thus housing can be defined as a component architectural structure within a total system consisting of various settlement variables. Distinction between House and Home: Literally speaking house and home seems to be same in sense and meaning but a distinction between the two is must.
House being narrower term, may represent only an architectural structure for accommodation.
Home being wider term, includes the family relationships and bonds of affection which are nurtured within this architectural structure. Housing is closely associated to the process of overall socio-economic development. It provides shelter and raises the quality of life.
It generates conditions which are congenial to the achievement of social objectives such as health, sanitation and education. It provides employment opportunities to the rural and urban people.
Moreover it helps to improve urban rural equality by narrowing down the difference in the standard of living. Thus housing performs multiple functions including many social needs of the household. Socio-cultural Variables in Housing: The socio-cultural factors decide the quality and quantity of housing in India.
The caste divide in Indian rural society mainly affects the distribution of houses and also the quality of housing.
In Indian villages, the division on caste basis has given rise to division of housing. Generally houses of upper castes are situated in better areas while houses of lower castes especially scheduled castes and some backward classes are situated in periphery of the village. These peripheral regions are mostly low lying areas and unhygienic.
Kinship and family structure are other variables which affect the quality and quantity of housing. For example, there is shift from joint family system to nuclear families. This tendency puts pressure on the available land for housing.
In Punjab and Haryana this pressure is visible. In Rajasthan where dispersed settlement pattern exists, this pressure may not be felt so far. The household size is also important variable of housing quality and quantity.
Urban families are small in comparison to rural area.Essay on Housing Problems in Urban Areas! Shelter is the basic human requirement. Even after 57 years of independence, the country is still grappling with the growing shelter problem, especially of the poor.
The problem has further been compounded by the rapid increase in urban population. Analysis A. Problem Recognition March when Mr. Roy Roxas was appointed as the manager of Metropolitan Housing Project Company (MHPC), the company had been performing poorly given that their cash balance merely Php ,, resulting to its liabilities amounted to Php million.
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Housing Essays. Search to find a specific housing essay or browse from the list below. subdivided housing problem is the result of a failing housing system plagued by a major imbalance between the supply and demand for housing (Buildings Department, ; Census 9.
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