Dog by Jeff Koons. Mirror-polished stainless stee sculpture made to look like a children's party balloon in the shape of a dog. One of the artist's iconic 20th century paintings.
December 13,pp. Entitled " Transgressing the Boundaries: Toward a Transformative Hermeneutics of Quantum Gravity ," it purported to be a scholarly article about the "postmodern" philosophical and political implications of twentieth century physical theories.
However, as the author himself later revealed in the journal Lingua Franca, his essay was merely a farrago of deliberately concocted solecisms, howlers and non-sequiturs, stitched together so as to look good and to flatter the ideological preconceptions of the editors.
After review by five members of Social Text's editorial board, Sokal's parody was accepted for publication as a serious piece of scholarship. It appeared in Aprilin a special double issue of the journal devoted to rebutting the charge that cultural studies critiques of science tend to be riddled with incompetence.
Sokal's hoax is fast acquiring the status of a classic succes de scandale, with extensive press coverage in the United States and to a growing extent in Europe and Latin America. In the United States, over twenty public forums devoted to the topic have either taken place or are scheduled, including packed sessions at Princeton, DukeThe University of Michiganand New York University.
But what exactly should it be taken to show? I believe it shows three important things. First, that dubiously coherent relativistic views about the concepts Postmodernism essay truth and evidence really have gained wide acceptance within the contemporary academy, just as it has often seemed.
Second, that this has had precisely the sorts of pernicious consequence for standards of scholarship and intellectual responsibility that one would expect it to have. Finally, that neither of the preceding two claims need reflect a particular political point of view, least of all a conservative one.
It's impossible to do justice to the egregiousness of Sokal's essay without quoting it more or less in its entirety; what follows is a tiny sampling. Sokal starts off by establishing his postmodernist credentials: Sokal then picks up steam, moving to his central thesis that recent developments within quantum gravity -- an emerging and still-speculative physical theory -- go much further, substantiating not only postmodern denials of the objectivity of truth, but also the beginnings of a kind of physics that would be truly "liberatory," of genuine service to progressive political causes.
His inferences are mediated by nothing more than a hazy patchwork of puns especially on the words 'linear' and 'discontinuous'strained analogies, bald assertions and what can only be described as non-sequiturs of numbing grossness to use a phrase that Peter Strawson applied to the far less deserving Immanuel Kant.
For example, he moves immediately from Bohr's observation that in quantum mechanics "a complete elucidation of one and the same object may require diverse points of view" to: In such a situation, how can a self-perpetuating secular priesthood of credentialed "scientists" purport to maintain a monopoly on the production of scientific knowledge?
That postmodernism is indefinable is a truism. However, it can be described as a set of critical, strategic and rhetorical practices employing concepts such as difference, repetition, the trace, the simulacrum, and hyperreality to destabilize other concepts such as presence, identity, historical progress, epistemic certainty, and the univocity of meaning. That postmodernism is indefinable is a truism. However, it can be described as a set of critical, strategic and rhetorical practices employing concepts such as difference, repetition, the trace, the simulacrum, and hyperreality to destabilize other concepts such. Postmodernism in graphic design essays on leadership. Dodano , Kategoria: Bez kategorii, Tagi. Marxist essay on lord of the flies essaye villa verone my clinical rotation experience vetconnexx.comch papers on statistical methods.
He concludes by calling for the development of a correspondingly emancipated mathematics, one that, by not being based on standard Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory, would no longer constrain the progressive and postmodern ambitions of emerging physical science.
As if all this weren't enough, en passant, Sokal peppers his piece with as many smaller bits of transparent nonsense as could be made to fit on any given page. Some of these are of a purely mathematical or scientific nature -- that the well-known geometrical constant pi is a variable, that complex number theory, which dates from the nineteenth century and is taught to schoolchildren, is a new and speculative branch of mathematical physics, that the crackpot New Age fantasy of a 'morphogenetic field' constitutes a leading theory of quantum gravity.
Others have to do with the alleged philosophical or political implications of basic science -- that quantum field theory confirms Lacan's psychoanalytic speculations about the nature of the neurotic subject, that fuzzy logic is better suited to leftist political causes than classical logic, that Bell's theorem, a technical result in the foundations of quantum mechanics, supports a claimed linkage between quantum theory and "industrial discipline in the early bourgeois epoch.
Commentators have made much of the scientific, mathematical and philosophical illiteracy that an acceptance of Sokal's ingeniously contrived gibberish would appear to betray. But talk about illiteracy elides an important distinction between two different explanations of what might have led the editors to decide to publish Sokal's piece.
One is that, although they understood perfectly well what the various sentences of his article actually mean, they found them plausible, whereas he, along with practically everybody else, doesn't.
This might brand them as kooky, but wouldn't impugn their motives. The other hypothesis is that they actually had very little idea what many of the sentences mean, and so were not in a position to evaluate them for plausibility in the first place.
The plausibility, or even the intelligibility, of Sokal's arguments just didn't enter into their deliberations.
I think it's very clear, and very important, that it's the second hypothesis that's true. To see why consider, by way of example, the following passage from Sokal's essay:That postmodernism is indefinable is a truism.
However, it can be described as a set of critical, strategic and rhetorical practices employing concepts such as difference, repetition, the trace, the simulacrum, and hyperreality to destabilize other concepts such as presence, identity, historical progress, epistemic certainty, and the univocity of meaning.
The Seduction of Unreason: The Intellectual Romance with Fascism from Nietzsche to Postmodernism [Richard Wolin] on vetconnexx.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Fifteen years ago, revelations about the political misdeeds of Martin Heidegger and Paul de Man sent shock waves throughout European and North American intellectual circles.
Ever since. Literature modernism and postmodernism essays. Presentation on research paper online The two paragraph essay Dissertation franг§ais sport the admirable crichton essay writer cybercrime and hacking essays dissertation publication number gmat essay writing update argumentative essay .
Archive Fever: A Freudian Impression (Religion and Postmodernism) [Jacques Derrida, Eric Prenowitz] on vetconnexx.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In Archive Fever, Jacques Derrida deftly guides us through an extended meditation on remembrance, religion. Definitions Metafiction is a term given to fictional writing which self-consciously and systematically draws attention to its status as an artifact in order to pose questions about the relationship between fiction and vetconnexx.com providing a critique of their own methods of construction, such writings not only examine the fundamental structures of narrative fiction, they also explore the.
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