Either political analysis of authoritarian regimes, or interesting facts about science, depending on my mood. The title of this essay should disturb you.
Did international organizations, such as the Red Cross, aid victims of Nazi persecution? Its activities can basically be divided into three periods: September, - June 22, The IRC confined its activities to sending food packages to those in distress in Nazi-occupied Europe.
Packages were distributed in accordance with the directives of the German Red Cross. Throughout this time, the IRC complied with the German contention that those in ghettos and camps constituted a threat to the security of the Reich and, therefore, were not allowed to receive aid from the IRC.
June 22, - Summer Despite numerous requests by Jewish organizations, the IRC refused to publicly protest the mass annihilation of Jews and non-Jews in the camps, or to intervene on their behalf.
It maintained that any public action on behalf of those under Nazi rule would ultimately prove detrimental to their welfare.
At the same time, the IRC attempted to send food parcels to those individuals whose addresses it possessed. Summer - May The IRC Tolerance is necessary to prevent war insist that it be allowed to visit concentration camps, and a delegation did visit the "model ghetto" of Terezin Theresienstadt.
The IRC request came following the receipt of information about the harsh living conditions in the camp. The IRC requested permission to investigate the situation, but the Germans only agreed to allow the visit nine months after submission of the request.
This delay provided time for the Nazis to complete a "beautification" program, designed to fool the delegation into thinking that conditions at Terezin were quite good and that inmates were allowed to live out their lives in relative tranquility.
The visit, which took place on July 23,was followed by a favorable report on Terezin to the members of the IRC which Jewish organizations protested vigorously, demanding that another delegation visit the camp.
Such a visit was not permitted until shortly before the end of the war. In reality, the majority were subsequently deported to Auschwitz where they were murdered. Moreover, in their occupied areas of France, Greece, and Yugoslavia, the Italians protected the Jews and did not allow them to be deported.
However, when the Germans overthrew the Badoglio government inthe Jews of Italy, as well as those under Italian protection in occupied areas, were subject to the "Final Solution. Despite pressure by their German allies urging them to take stringent measures against Jews, the Japanese refused to do so.
Refugees were allowed to enter Japan until the spring ofand Jews in Japanese-occupied China were treated well. In the summer and fall ofrefugees in Japan were transferred to Shanghai but no measures were taken against them until earlywhen they were forced to move into the Hongkew Ghetto.
While conditions were hardly satisfactory, they were far superior to those in the ghettos under German control. What was the attitude of the churches vis-a-vis the persecution of the Jews?
Did the Pope ever speak out against the Nazis? Although he stated that the myths of "race" and "blood" were contrary to Christian teaching in a papal encyclical, Marchhe neither mentioned nor criticized antisemitism. Although as early as the Vatican received detailed information on the murder of Jews in concentration camps, the Pope confined his public statements to expressions of sympathy for the victims of injustice and to calls for a more humane conduct of the war.
Despite the lack of response by Pope Pius XII, several papal nuncios played an important role in rescue efforts, particularly the nuncios in Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, and Turkey. It is not clear to what, if any, extent they operated upon instructions from the Vatican.
Church records were supplied to state authorities which assisted in the detection of people of Jewish origin, and efforts to aid the persecuted were confined to Catholic non-Aryans. While Catholic clergymen protested the Nazi euthanasia program, few, with the exception of Bernhard Lichtenberg, spoke out against the murder of the Jews.
In Western Europe, Catholic clergy spoke out publicly against the persecution of the Jews and actively helped in the rescue of Jews.
In Eastern Europe, however, the Catholic clergy was generally more reluctant to help. Jozef Tiso, the head of state of Slovakia and a Catholic priest, actively cooperated with the Germans as did many other Catholic priests.
The response of Protestant and Eastern Orthodox churches varied.
In Germany, for example, Nazi supporters within Protestant churches complied with the anti-Jewish legislation and even excluded Christians of Jewish origin from membership. In occupied Europe, the position of the Protestant churches varied. In other countries Bulgaria, Greece, and Yugoslaviasome Orthodox church leaders intervened on behalf of the Jews and took steps which, in certain cases, led to the rescue of many Jews.There is a great deal of white noise around transformation in the insurance industry.
Leaders face the challenge of separating hype from reality. 10 Things You Can Do to Prevent War. Preventing war can be a citizen activity!
Read how you can participate in the growing anti-war movement. it is particularly important that, much as. Lakota Rites, Ceremonies and Symbolism _____ Español || Lakota's index.
Before entering this section: When something is sacred, it does not have a price. Joshua is a veteran of the Airborne Infantry and an author of books for and about red-blooded heterosexual males.
He also blogs about books, movies, US culture, and politics from an unapologetic red pill, masculinist perspective. This is necessary to get a better insight into the concerns of the people, the conflict dynamics, and for taking timely measures to prevent destructive action.
Second, a serious engagement is necessary. Tolerance is, again, one of the crown jewels of American culture. The reason why we believe it is so important to be tolerant is because we are so profoundly aware of our own freedom.
We wouldn't want to have our own freedom limited, and this means that we think it would be wrong to limit the freedom of those with whom we disagree.