It is important to note, though, that the OPC was quite unique.
Some of the machinery and staff listed here also work elsewhere on the farm. Genetically modified crops are controversial, but not among U. Roughly 90 percent of U. Just last year, Bowen Flowers, the cotton farmer in the video, bought five John Deere pickers.
Like the seeds, the pickers get more productive every year as the technology improves. The newest John Deere picker needs just one guy to do what it took five guys to do a couple years ago. One driver can pick acres of cotton a day — and he barely needs to touch the steering wheel.
Report Cards Every year, the U. Department of Agriculture tests all 17 million bales of cotton harvested in the U. The farmers pay for the testing, and the USDA figures out exactly how fine, long, strong and bright white every batch of cotton is.
Cotton buyers all around the world can get a report card that tells them everything they need to know about every bale of U. Color is measured on a scale from white and bright to yellow and dark. Fineness is measured in grams per inch. Length is measured in inches and refers to the average length of the longer half of the fibers.
Strength is a measure of how much force is required to tear the fibers; the units are grams per tex. In the clothing business, people call it yarn. A factory manager there told us that, when he orders U. The spinners have a special recipe for their yarn, and they need exactly the right cotton — exactly the right color, exactly the right length, exactly the right fineness.
Other countries subsidize their cotton farmers as well, by the way. The government gives taxpayer money directly to cotton farmers, and subsidizes insurance that protects farmers if their harvest is weak or cotton prices fall. Government Subsidizes Cotton Farmers Crop Insurance The government subsidizes several kinds of insurance available to cotton farmers.
One popular option is revenue insurance, which pays farmers if they make less money than they expect. This can happen for a few reasons — cotton prices may fall, or a farmer may have a bad harvest. The government pays a big chunk of the premiums for the farmers.
The government also pays a chunk of the operating costs of the companies that sell the insurance. Direct Payments Cotton farmers get cash payments from the government, even if cotton prices are going through the roof.
The latest version of the farm bill, which Congress is working on this month, could change these subsidies. Farmers may get less money in the form of direct payments, and more in the form of subsidized insurance.
If any of that yarn is too thick or too thin, even by a little bit, the T-shirt could start falling apart after just a few washes. Yarn, by the way, is what ordinary people call thread. Spinning yarn is high-tech and shockingly complex.
The yarn for the Planet Money T-shirt had to meet dozens of specifications — thickness, tenacity, the amount of twist, the direction of the twist. A machine sucked the fibers close together when the yarn for our shirt was spun, creating yarn that makes an extra-smooth shirt.
The yarn has relatively few twists per inch, which makes the fabric soft and comfortable. This makes the fabric more uniform, but rougher to the touch. Denim Jeans Denim yarn is made from shorter fibers than T-shirt yarn, and it has a consistency akin to rope: What you get for that money is a factory that can make yarn with incredible precision and consistency, 24 hours a day, days a year.
It takes four days off at the end of Ramadan. We worked very hard to make the yarn which has made that T-shirt. Give it some respect. Raw American cotton 2. And you have yarn.Gratitude makes us feel more gratitude.
This is why a five-minute a week gratitude journal can make us so much happier. The actual gratitude produced during those five minutes is small, but the emotions of gratitude felt during those five-minutes are enough to trigger a grateful mood.
The table below presents an abbreviated geologic time scale, with times and events germane to this essay. Please refer to a complete geologic time scale when this one seems inadequate.
Maximum Strength Positive Thinking - Kindle edition by David J. Abbott M.D.. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Maximum Strength Positive Thinking.
Mar 03, · But who makes change happen? In a famous research study that led to the theory on the diffusion of innovation, Everett Rogers investigated the degree and speed of adoption of an innovation by the overall population.
How Online Shopping Makes Suckers of Us All. Will you pay more for those shoes before 7 p.m.? Would the price tag be different if you lived in the suburbs? Electricity and Heat Production (25% of global greenhouse gas emissions): The burning of coal, natural gas, and oil for electricity and heat is the largest single source of global greenhouse gas emissions.; Industry (21% of global greenhouse gas emissions): Greenhouse gas emissions from industry primarily involve fossil fuels burned on site at facilities for energy.